Useful References

The references included on this page are a range of papers that provide a good introduction to field spectroscopy. This is not by any means a comprehensive list, there are loads of other papers out there. This is just a small selection to give those of you who are relatively new to field spectroscopy, a place to begin your literature search.


Asrar, G. (1989). Theory and applications of optical remote sensing. New York, John Wiley and Sons. (Chapter 2 summarises a few relevant approaches)

Daughtry, C. S. T., K. P. Gallo, et al. (1983). Spectral estimates of solar radiation intercepted by corn canopies. Agronomy Journal 75: 527-31. (Effects of variations in measurement height)

Daughtry, C. S. T., V. C. Vanderbilt, et al. (1982). Variability of reflectance measurements with sensor altitude and canopy type. Agronomy Journal 74: 744-51. (Effects of variations in measurement height)

Demetriades-Shah, T. H., M. D. Steven, et al. (1990). High resolution derivative spectra in remote sensing. Remote Sensing of Environment 33: 55-64.

Duggin, M. J. (1980). The field measurement of reflectance factors. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing 16: 643-7.

Duggin, M. J. (1981). Simultaneous measurement of irradiance and reflected radiance in field determination of spectral reflectance. Applied Optics 20(22): 3816-3818. (Approaches to measurement)

Duggin, M. J. and W. R. Phillipson (1982). Field measurement of reflectance: Some major considerations. Applied Optics 21: 2833-40.

Duggin, M. J. (1983). The effect of irradiation and reflectance variability on vegetation condition assessment. International Journal of Remote Sensing 4(3): 601-608. (Influence of extraneous factors)

Duggin, M. J. and T. Cunia (1983). Ground reflectance measurement techniques - a Comparison. Applied Optics 22(23): 3771-3777. (Comparison of methods)

George, D.G., Malthus, T.J. (2001). Using a compact airborne spectrographic imager to monitor phytoplankton biomass in a series of lakes in north Wales. Science of the Total Environment, 268:215-226. (Empirical approach to analysis)

Jackson, R. D., M. S. Moran, et al. (1987). Field calibration of reference reflectance panels. Remote Sensing of Environment 22: 145-58.

Jackson, R. D., T. R. Clarke, et al. (1992). Bidirectional Calibration Results For 11 Spectralon and 16 Baso4 Reference Reflectance Panels. Remote Sensing of Environment 40(3): 231-239.

Karpouzli, E., Malthus, T. (2003). The empirical line method for the atmospheric correction of IKONOS imagery. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 24(5):1143-1150. (Example of spectroradiometry for atmospheric correction)

Kimes, D. S., J. A. Kirchner, et al. (1983). Spectral radiance errors in remote sensing ground studies due to nearby objects. Applied Optics 22: 8-10. (Influence of variations in background on measurements obtained)

Malthus, T.J., Dekker, A.G. (1995). First derivative indices for the remote sensing of inland water quality using high spectral resolution reflectance. Environment International, 23:221-232. (Example of analysis based on derivatives, correlation analysis)

Malthus, T.J., George, DG, (1997). Airborne remote sensing of aquatic macrophytes in Cefni Reservoir, Anglesey, UK. Aquatic Botany, 58:317-332. (Example of use of discriminant analysis)

Malthus, T.J., Karpouzli, E. (2003). Integrating field and high spatial resolution satellite based methods for monitoring shallow submersed aquatic habitats in the Sound of Eriskay, Scotland, UK. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 24(13):2585-2593. (Example of empirical line method applied)

Milton, E. J. (1987). Principles of field spectroscopy. International Journal of Remote Sensing 8: 1807-27.

Milton, E. J., Rollin, E.M., Emery, D.R (1995). Advances in field spectroscopy. Advances in environmental remote sensing. F. M. Danson, Plummer, S.E. Chichester, Wiley: 9-32.

Richardson, A. J. (1981). Measurement of Reflectance Factors Under Daily and Intermittent Irradiance Variations. Applied Optics 20(19): 3336-3340.

Robinson, F. B. and L. L. Behl (1979). Calibration procedures for measurements of reflectance factors in remote sensing field research. Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineering 196: 16-26.